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Title: Особливості шкільництва на теренах Сумського повіту впродовж 1894–1895 навчального року
Other Titles: Features of Schooling in the Territory of Sumy County During the 1894–1895 Academic Year
Authors: Кравченко, Анатолій Іванович
Kravchenko, Anatolii Ivanovych
Keywords: Сумський повіт
народна освіта
початкові училища
чисельність учнів
піклувальники училищ
Sumy county
public education
elementary schools
number of students
guardians of schools
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: СумДПУ імені А. С. Макаренка
Citation: Кравченко, А. Особливості шкільництва на теренах Сумського повіту впродовж 1894–1895 навчального року [Текст] / А. Кравченко // Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології : науковий журнал / МОН України, Сумський держ. пед. ун-т ім. А. С. Макаренка ; [редкол.: А. А. Сбруєва, М. А. Бойченко, О. Є. Антонова та ін.]. – Суми : СумДПУ ім. А. С. Макаренка, 2019. – № 8 (92). – С. 348–354. – DOI: 10.24139/2312-5993/2019.08/348-354.
Abstract: Із залученням статистичних даних охарактеризовано стан народної освіти в Сумському повіті зазначеного періоду. Чисельність учнів обох статей зіставлено з чисельністю населення регіону. Висвітлено плідну діяльність піклувальників і вчителів повітових училищ, наголошено на їхньому сумлінному ставленні до виконання своїх обов’язків.
The state of public education in the Sumy county of the specified period is characterized based on statistic data. The number of students of both sexes is compared with the population of the region. The fruitful activities of the guardians and teachers of the county schools are highlighted, their conscientious attitude towards the fulfillment of their duties is emphasized. Sumy County Zemstvo in the 1894-1895 academic year, as before, together with rural communities, maintained 40 one-class schools: 5 male, 2 female and 33 for children of both sexes; participated in the maintenance of 2 two-class schools and together with the provincial Zemstvo took care of the Bilopilllia Alexander craft school. In these schools, 3 729 boys and 703 girls were enrolled in the previous year, i.e. totally 4 432 persons. Pupils from Zemstvo schools made up 58,2 % of the number of children in the county (7 069). Compared to the previous year, the number of schoolboys increased by 83 persons, and the number of schoolgirls decreased by 199. The last circumstance is explained solely by the fact that boys were admitted to the Zemstvo schools in the specified academic year, and girls mostly to parish grammar schools. In addition, for some Zemstvo schools, on the basis of the size of the buildings, an admissible number of students has been established, that is, the number, that can be admitted to education institution without doing harm to their health. The staff of Zemstvo schools in the previous year was as follows: 6 female guardians, 28 male guardians, 39 scribes, 38 female teachers, 39 male teachers and 2 craft teachers. The report emphasizes on the conscientious attitude of the teachers of Zemstvo schools. It is noted that most of them do optional work free of charge, namely: some teachers look after gardens at schools, others manage singing circles, some exercise, and teachers teach girls handicrafts. 30 schools grow gardens, 3 have apiaries, 24 teach singing, 18 needlework. In most cases, guardians are concerned with the needs of Zemstvo schools with understanding, and many of them provide financial support to schools and pay considerable attention to pupils.
Appears in Collections:Педагогічні науки: теорія, історія, інноваційні технології

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